ON GRADUATE SCIENCE PROGRAMS IN THE PHILIPPINES AND THEIR IMPACT ON NATIONAL AND ECONOMIC SECURITY
Building up the scientific manpower of a country has become even more critical with the advent of the 4th Industrial Revolution and the unprecedented global conditions imposed by the Covid-19 pandemic. At the core of scientific manpower development are the graduate science programs in universities. In this paper, we discuss how university policies can have repercussions on the national and economic security of the Philippines.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).