Optimizing the property of cross-linked carbazole-based polymer for efficient hole transport in bulk-heterojunction photovoltaic device
Thin films made of cross-linked carbazole pendants of poly(ethylmethacrylate) deposited on indium tin oxide (ITO) was assessed for potential use as hole transport layer (HTL) in a fabricated photovoltaic cell configuration (ITO/PCDTBT/PCBM/Al). Before measurement, the film was designed to have uniform molecular weight, cross-linked carbazole for high electron mobility, high transmittance at the visible wavelength range and smoothness in morphology. Results showed that the film provided 70 times more of current value at open circuit voltage than without the film under light illumination, at optimized thickness from 15 to 25 cycles of deposition at 25 mV/s using cyclic voltammetry.
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