Chemical Characterization of Historical Brickwork of the Church Convento in Pagsanjan, Laguna
Keywords: clay brick, atomic absorption spectroscopy, infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy with energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, cultural heritage conservation
AbstractThis study reports the chemical composition of historical brickworks from Franciscan-built church complexes in the Philippines. An old brick sample from the Spanish colonial period church convento at Pagsanjan, Laguna was characterized by atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS), infrared spectroscopy (IR), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), and scanning electron microscopy with energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM-EDX). Conventional hot plate aqua regia (1:3 HNO3:HCl, v/v) digestion method was employed to extract iron, calcium, and magnesium from the brick sample. The combined AAS and EDX results yielded a percentage composition of iron ranging from 5.48 to 6.62%, calcium ranging from 1.50 to 3.72%, while magnesium ranges from 0.083 to 0.12%, respectively. These amounts were compared to a similar AAS and EDX study made on a historical brick sample from Ilocos Norte. The presence of possible pores on the brick’s microstructure was confirmed by SEM. Minerals consisting of hematite, kaolinite, illite, quartz, and calcite were present in the sample, as well as trace amounts of other minerals based on IR peak intensities. Upon heating to about 800⁰C using TGA, the loss of bound water from the sample’s internal surface structure and the decomposition of brick minerals and carbonates are evident.
How to Cite
Cayme, J.-M., Asor, A. J., Alano, M. K. A., & Miranda, E. (2016). Chemical Characterization of Historical Brickwork of the Church Convento in Pagsanjan, Laguna. KIMIKA, 27(1), 29-40. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.26534/kimika.v27i1.29-40
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).